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Urban renewal took form after World War II with the federal backing of the 1949 Housing Act seeking to provide public housing to ensure a decent home for low-income families. With financial assistance, state and local governments cleared slums to eliminate unsafe and unsanitary housing conditions giving ownership to local housing authorities that lacked accountability, transparency and employed potential abuse of power. Robert Moses was a prominent figure in urban renewal as he rebuilt New York City, planning for the regional scale of the car, and the development of roadways within the city. Activist, Jane Jacobs, saw the potential disasters of urban renewal, such as essentially eliminating the sidewalk culture that made it impossible for people to gather and socialize.
Undoubtedly, Urban Renewal along with the Interstate Highway Act have shaped American cities, seeking to provide housing and interstate connectivity across the nation, but not without negative consequences.
How did urban renewal and the interstate highway system affect the growth patterns of American cities?
What benefits and negative consequences do you see with urban renewal or the interstate highway system? Name at least two potential benefits and two negative consequences. Please remember to refer back to examples in the module or other sources to receive full credit.